s I went from Dili to the east of the island, I had a feeling of quietness
and tranquility more than I had ever experienced during previous work visits.
eople feel more secure where the UN is already present. After darkness,
traffic is moving again on the road that runs along the coast from Dili
to Baucau in the East. People are even walking along this road to their
fishing places. But elsewhere this quietness exists only on the surface.
In the villages inland, away from this road, nobody leaves the house after
dark. Young men and senior high students do not sleep at home, afraid of
being murdered by the militia. They are being murdered for the sole reason
of being young!!
here is wide spread intimidation all over East Timor, not to vote for independence.
Although canvassing for votes is not allowed before the 20th of July, the
pro integration people are already busy instigating and intimidating people
to vote for integration. Pro- independence leaders are being sought everywhere
to be eliminated. They cannot come out in the open because they do not
get any protection from the police.
his intimidation and murder perpetrated by the militia is possible only
because the military are on their side. It is widely known that these militia
men are being trained and, in cases, armed by the military. They are not
only East Timorese, but also thugs recruited in West Timor and other islands.
hy should the military be against a referendum that has been proposed by
president Habibie himself.? The true force governing Indonesia is still
the army, especially on far- away islands, as Timor, Anbon, Aceh, Iran
he military do not want to leave East Timor for several reasons, the foremost
being the shame of having lost to a mere 500 guerrillas holed up in the
mountains with only antiquated arms or arms stolen from the military themselves.
This seems to be too much for the pride of the army and for the sense of
superiority Javanese people have towards other peoples. (The military do
not understand that they are not up against a mere 500 men, but against
almost all of the people of East Timor). Another reason seems to be the
sense of futility of the death of so many Indonesian soldiers who came
to conquer and hold onto this half island.
f the referendum is held in a fair way, integration will be refused by
at least 90% of the population, if only to get rid of this military. That
is clear even to the military. Because it is impossible to simply stop
the referendum, they are preparing themselves in different ways to have
1. Through intimidation and murder in order to create a climate that makes it impossible to hold the referendum.
But with the UN present, and the eyes of the whole world turned to East
Timor, they can act no more as freely as before. That is why they use the
militia to do their dirty work. What the militia is allowed to do, can
not be done without the condoning of the military. The army must be replaced
by police officers.
But this is done in the following way: soldiers are leaving Dili harbor
by ship, a little later the same men, in the uniform of police officers,
return with the same weapons to Dili on another ship! (The UN knows already
2. If nevertheless the referendum should be held:
A. Keep as many people as possible away from the voting places, through
intimidation, murder or kidnapping. Buy as many votes as possible.
Millions of Rupias are being distributed to buy people's votes. This money
however has been examined in Australia and found to be at least partly
B. Bring in people from West Timor to participate in the referendum.
The UN has devised the means to counteract this with the help of the church,
as 95% of the population is catholic. But militia guided by the military
counteracted this by "cleansing" the mountain area in the central
West of ethnic East Timorese, to eliminate possible witnesses to their
fraud. Two weeks ago there were already 52.000 refugees from West Timor,
while other people are being kept as hostages in "refugee" camps
near the village. Nobody can enter this camp and people are afraid to go
to this central mountain area, where the coffee plantations are. Young
boys and girls must report to be integrated into the militia. (This is
also known already by the UN.)
The district head of the north-western district of Liquica is an Indonesian,
a former army colonel. He is the one training the militia in chasing people,
murdering and burning houses. He has vowed to murder as many East Timorese
as Indonesian soldiers have lost their lives in East Timor.
C. Annex the west part of East Timor to West Timor, if East Timor should
In this way the lucrative coffee exploitation would return to the hands
of the military, as it was up till 5 years ago when they had to give up
the monopoly they have held since the occupation of East Timor.